Blog

Daren Mueller
June 15, 2016 5:02 PM

A Twitter campaign has been started to track corn and soybean diseases throughout the country. While scouting this summer, farmers and agribusiness professionals are encouraged to tweet a photo with the name of the disease, county, and state to either...

Plant Diseases

John Sawyer
June 15, 2016 1:05 PM

Antonio Mallarino
June 15, 2016 1:05 PM

The Using Manure Nutrients for Crop Production publication (PMR 1003) has recently been updated with revised beef cattle and dairy manure nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) crop...

Crop Production, Soil Fertility

Rebecca Vittetoe
June 15, 2016 9:17 AM

Erika Lundy
June 15, 2016 9:17 AM

Cover crops have become quite popular in recent years, not only from a soil conservation and water quality perspective, but also due to their potential to be an additional forage source for livestock producers. To better understand how cover crops can be used as a potential forage source,...

Crop Production

Erin Hodgson
June 14, 2016 11:03 AM

I recently had a call about millipedes feeding on corn kernels in northeast Iowa this week. The farmer had a 120-acre cornfield with approximately 20 percent stand loss associated with millipede feeding. I rarely hear about millipedes as field crop pests, but a couple factors likely played a...

Crop Production, Insects and Mites

Clarke McGrath
June 13, 2016 5:31 PM

Check weed sizes vs. herbicide rates so you can maximize herbicide effectiveness. I am getting calls on some pretty sizeable weeds in fields, especially ragweed and waterhemp. Some of the ragweed (and marestail in some no-till and min-till fields) is already beyond being able to consistently...

Weeds

Jody Korthaus
June 13, 2016 4:28 PM

The USDA Weekly Crop Progress Report showed that Iowa's corn crop is 99% emerged and has a good/excellent rating of 80% for the week ending June 12. The agency reported 91% of Iowa soybeans have emerged, 10% ahead of the 5-year-average. The good/excellent rating for Iowa soybeans are 81%,...

Crop Production

Rebecca Vittetoe
June 13, 2016 1:02 PM

Alison Robertson
June 13, 2016 1:02 PM

It seems too early in the growing season yet to be seeing corn diseases like Northern Corn Leaf Blight (NCLB), but I happened to spot a few corn plants with NCLB lesions on them in an isolated area in a corn field in southeast Iowa. Why are we seeing NCLB so early? 

...

Plant Diseases

Alison Robertson
June 13, 2016 12:33 PM

It is hot here in Iowa...but not hot enough to discourage us from hand planting a soybean trial evaluating novel germplasm for resistance to Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRR) caused by P. sojae. PRR causes stand and yield losses every year throughout the U.S. 

My lab has been...

Plant Diseases

Bob Hartzler
June 10, 2016 4:11 PM

One of the less rewarding tasks of pest management is gleaning information from pesticide labels. Because of the complexity of labels, many people rely on guides produced by universities or distributors to identify solutions for pest problems. While these guides are convenient, they are not...

Pesticide Education

Erin Hodgson
June 10, 2016 7:36 AM

Yesterday, my lab crew went to the ISU Northeast Research Farm near Nashua, Iowa to assess plant stands and take initial aphid counts in my efficacy evaluation trial. My technician found five wingless soybean aphids in a V1 plant. This was certainly interesting, as it could mean uniform colony...

Crop Production, Insects and Mites

Meaghan Anderson
June 7, 2016 3:53 PM

Virgil Schmitt
June 7, 2016 3:53 PM

After a busy week at a meeting in Michigan, Virgil Schmitt and I visited the Muscatine County farmer with Palmer amaranth to assess the population.

This farmer first discovered Palmer amaranth...

Weeds

Clarke McGrath
June 7, 2016 10:22 AM

Most of the corn is around V3 to V6, with some of the replant corn popping up with the heat. I think (hope) I saw my last replanted corn being put in yesterday, some wet spots that had dried out on the edges of some bottom fields.

Spraying corn
A lot of corn...

Crop Production

John Sawyer
June 6, 2016 6:01 PM

Most of Iowa has not received high precipitation amounts this spring, however, some regions have–most notably western Iowa (see maps). Wet springtime conditions typically raise the question about the status of applied nitrogen (N).

Soil Fertility

Jody Korthaus
June 6, 2016 5:24 PM

The USDA Crop Progress Report from Monday, June 6, shows corn planting 100% complete in Iowa, with 97% of corn emerged. The agency report has Iowa's corn crop at a 80% good/excellent rating. Soybean planting is 94% done, ahead of last week's 88% and the five-year-average...

Crop Production

Mark Hanna
June 6, 2016 11:53 AM

Increasing sprayer travel speed causes the controller to increase boom pressure (and decrease droplet size). If field conditions have you running behind and your sprayer travel speed has increased 20–25%, consider using one size larger nozzle tip to minimize drift potential.

Equipment and Machinery, Pesticide Education

Erin Hodgson
June 2, 2016 12:28 PM

Today, I heard about some armyworm feeding on corn in northeast and northwest Iowa. In the NE Iowa field, rye was planted last fall and killed late this spring. Armyworms tend to be aggregated, or found in big groups, and can cause significant injury seemingly overnight. The caterpillars are...

Crop Production, Insects and Mites

Erin Hodgson
May 27, 2016 7:54 AM

Although most of my research projects are outside, I occasionally do work in growth chambers and greenhouses. This week, I started a seed treatment evaluation for soybean. I'm looking at 12 different treatments and seeing how soybean aphid responds. Working in more stabilized conditions takes...

Insects and Mites

Bob Hartzler
May 27, 2016 6:27 AM

Researchers at the University of Illinois recently published a paper identifying the PPO resistance mechanism in Palmer amaranth.  It turns out that both Palmer and waterhemp have an unusual type of mutation providing resistance to the group 14 herbicides (PPO inhibitors).  Rather than a...

Herbicide Resistance

Paul Kassel
May 26, 2016 3:13 PM

A lot of farmers worked some long hours to complete fieldwork over the weekend because of the predicted rainy weather. There have been some heavy rains in extreme northwest Iowa early this week, but much of my area has missed those heavy rains. And, as a result, a lot of fieldwork was completed...

Crop Production

Bob Hartzler
May 26, 2016 7:12 AM

Plants with yellow flowers are a common sight in roadsides and other grassy areas as one drives across Iowa at this time of year. There's a good chance these plants are one of the weedy mustards (wild mustard, yellow rocket, hedge mustard, etc.), golden alexander, or wild parsnip. The mustards...

Weeds

Erin Hodgson
May 25, 2016 10:00 AM

Yesterday, I was asked to help confirm an identification of a few beetles in a cornfield near State Center, Iowa. They ended up being striped and spotted cucumber beetles. Sometimes the striped cucumber beetle can be confused with western corn rootworm; however, it would be unlikely to see adult...

Insects and Mites

Bob Hartzler
May 24, 2016 12:56 PM

While I don't have a bucket list of weeds, it's always nice to find a new one. Today I had my first encounter with blue mustard (Chorispora tenella). Like all mustards, this plant has four petals, but the petals of blue mustard are pink to purple in color and very narrow, relative to...

Weeds

Jody Korthaus
May 23, 2016 2:57 PM

A lot of soybean planting progress was made across the state this past week, as farmers tried to get ahead of this week's daily rain forecast. Most corn planting has been completed in Iowa, with 75% already emerged, according to the May 23 USDA Crop Progress Report....

Crop Production

Meaghan Anderson
May 20, 2016 12:29 PM

Alison Robertson
May 20, 2016 12:29 PM

Several corn fields in southeast Iowa are having disease issues this spring. After visiting with several ag retailers and farmers, I had Alison Robertson and Tom Kaspar, a plant physiologist with the USDA-ARS, out yesterday to look at some fields with issues. When we put all the pieces together...

Plant Diseases

Bob Hartzler
May 20, 2016 9:47 AM

I've had several questions on how long to wait following the frost event this past weekend before making a postemergence application. The answer depends on several factors, including 1) stage of corn at frost injury, 2) vigor of corn at time of frost, 3) weather following the frost, and 4)...

Weeds

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