Volunteer Corn Management

May 19, 2009

By Bob Hartzler - Department of Agronomy

Many fields in southern Iowa have significant infestations of volunteer corn.  Research at Iowa State University in 2007 found that one volunteer corn plant per 10-foot of row resulted in a 1.3 percent yield loss.  South Dakota State University researchers found that volunteer corn was much more competitive in soybean than corn, thus management is critical in both corn and soybean to protect yields.

The widespread adoption of Roundup Ready corn has complicated management of volunteer corn in corn.   Few options, other than cultivation, are available to control volunteer control once this year's corn has emerged.  If this year's hybrid carries an herbicide resistant trait not found in last year's hybrid, then the appropriate herbicide can be used (e.g. use of Ignite/Liberty on LL corn in 2009 when RR corn was planted in 2008). Ignite often does not provide complete kill of corn since it is a contact herbicide, but it will greatly reduce the plant's competiveness by killing emerged leaves.

For no-till fields infested with volunteer corn that are not yet planted, knowing the herbicide traits in the prior year's corn is critical. If resistant traits rule out glyphosate, either paraquat or SelectMax can be used.  A six day interval is required between SelectMax application and planting to avoid injury from the herbicide residues. Other herbicides in the ACC-ase family (Poast, Fusilade, Select, Assure, etc.) are not registered for this use.  Like Ignite, paraquat is a contact herbicide and may not provide complete control of corn.

Management of volunteer corn in soybean is much easier than in corn due to the availability of the ACC-ase herbicides.  Poast Plus is not as active on volunteer corn as the other ACC-ase herbicides.   Raptor also provides good control of volunteer corn.

Volunteer corn is highly competitive with both corn and soybean.  Timely management is critical in order to protect crop yields infested with this plant.

 

 

Bob Hartzler is a professor of weed science with extension, teaching and research responsibilities. He can be contacted by email at hartzler@iastate.edu or phone (515) 294-1164.

Links to this article are strongly encouraged, and this article may be republished without further permission if published as written and if credit is given to the author, Integrated Crop Management News, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. If this article is to be used in any other manner, permission from the author is required. This article was originally published on May 19, 2009. The information contained within may not be the most current and accurate depending on when it is accessed.

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Bob Hartzler Professor of Agronomy

Dr. Bob Hartzler is a professor of agronomy and an extension weed specialist. He conducts research on weed biology and how it impacts the efficacy of weed management programs in corn and soybean. Dr. Hartzler also teaches undergraduate classes in weed science and weed identificatio...