by John Sawyer, Department of Agronomy
What is the Corn Nitrogen Rate Calculator?
The Corn Nitrogen Rate Calculator Web tool is a resource that aids nitrogen (N) rate decisions for corn production and is helpful in determining the effect of fertilizer and corn price on application rates. The method for calculating suggested N rates is based on a regional (Corn Belt) approach to N rate guidelines. Details on the approach are provided in the regional publication Concepts and Rationale for Regional Nitrogen Rate Guidelines for Corn. This approach and the Corn Nitrogen Rate Calculator are now being used by seven states across the Corn Belt: Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin.
Nitrogen (N) Response Trials Added
The Iowa N response database in the calculator was recently updated, with response trials added from 2010 research. There are now 200 trials for corn following soybean and 101 trials for corn following corn. Being able to easily update the database with recent data is one of the many advantages to this dynamic database approach for corn N rate guidelines. Having new response trial data allows rapid updating with changing hybrid genetics, rotations and climatic conditions.
With the updated database, calculated N rates have increased slightly from previous years. The table below gives the N rate at the maximum return to N (MRTN) and the profitable N rate range from the updated calculator for several N:corn grain price ratios. You can work with any price of N and corn you wish when running the calculator. Output information includes the N rate at the MRTN, the profitable N rate range, the net return to N application, the percent of maximum yield, and the selected N fertilizer product rate and cost.
Resources for N Rate Decisions
The Corn Nitrogen Rate Calculator Web tool is located at http://extension.agron.iastate.edu/soilfertility/nrate.aspx.
The regional publication Regional Nitrogen Rate Guidelines for Corn (PM 2015) can be ordered through any ISU Extension county office, from the ISU Extension Online Store at https://www.extension.iastate.edu/store, or by calling 515-294-5247. An electronic copy of the publication is available at www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/2015.pdf.
John Sawyer is professor with research and extension responsibilities in soil fertility and nutrient management.